"Relationships are all there is. Everything in the universe only exists because it is in relationship to everything else. Nothing exists in isolation.
We have to stop pretending we are individuals that can go it alone."
(Margaret J. Wheatley (2002) Turning to one another: simple conversations to restore hope to the future)
Durch meine jahrelange Tätigkeit in der Projektentwicklung und als
Trainer und Begleiter bin ich mit einem breiten Netzwerk von Menschen,
mit unterschiedlichsten Ausbildungen, Fertigkeiten und beruflichen
Um bestes Gelingen und optimale Ergebnisse zu unterstützen, stellt mainomap entsprechend der Zielgruppe und
des Projektes, je nach Bedarf
Margaret J. Wheatley mit seiner Heiligkeit den 14. Dalai Lama
Wheatley, Margaret J. Turning to One Another: Simple Conversations to
Restore Hope to the Future San Francisco: Berrett-Koshler Publishers, Inc., 2002
“Willing to Be Disturbed”
As we work together to restore hope to the future, we need to include a new and strange ally—our willingness to be disturbed.
Our willingness to have our beliefs and ideas challenged by what others think. No one person or perspective can give us the answers we need to the problems of today.
Paradoxically, we can only find those answers by admitting we don’t know.
We have to be willing to let go of our certainty and expect ourselves to be
confused for a time. We weren’t trained to admit we don’t know. Most of us were taught to sound certain and confident, to state our opinion as if it were true.
We haven’t been rewarded for being confused.
Or for asking more questions rather than giving quick answers. We’ve also spent many years listening to others mainly to determine whether we agree with them or not. We don’t have time or interest to sit and listen to those who think differently than we do.
But the world now is quite perplexing. We no longer live in those sweet,
slow days when life felt predictable, when we actually knew what to do next. We live in a complex world, we often don’t know what’s going on, and we won’t be able to understand its complexity unless we spend more time in not knowing.
It is very difficult to give up our certainties—our positions, our beliefs, our
explanations. These help define us; they lie at the heart of our personal
identity. Yet I believe we will succeed in changing this world only if we can
think and work together in new ways. Curiosity is what we need. We don’t
have to let go of what we believe, but we don need to be curious about what someone else believes. We do need to acknowledge that their way of interpreting the world might be essential to our survival.
We live in a dense and tangled global system. Because we live in different
parts of this complexity, and because no two people are physically identical, we each experience life differently. It’s impossible for any two people to ever see things exactly the same. You can test this out for yourself.
Take any event that you’ve shared with others (a speech, a movie, a current event, a major problem) and ask your colleagues and friends to describe their interpretation of that event. I think you’ll be amazed at how many different explanations you’ll hear.
Once you get a sense of diversity, try asking even more colleagues. You’ll end up with a rich tapestry of interpretations that are much more interesting than any single one.
To be curious about how someone else interprets things, we have to be
willing to admit that we’re not capable of figuring things out alone.
If our solutions don’t work as well as we want them to, if our explanations of whysomething happened don’t feel sufficient, it’s time to begin asking others about what they see and think. When so many interpretations are available, I can’t understand why we would be satisfied with superficial conversations where we pretend to agree with one another.
There are many ways to sit and listen for the differences. Lately, I’ve been
listening for what surprises me. What did I just hear that startled me?
This isn’t easy – I’m accustomed to sitting there nodding my head to those saying things I agree with. But when I notice what surprises me, I’m able to see my own views more dearly, including my beliefs and assumptions.
Noticing what surprises and disturbs me has been a very useful way to see invisible beliefs. If what you say surprises me, I must have been assuming something else was true. If what you say disturbs me, I must believe something contrary to you.
My shock at your position exposes my own position. When I hear myself saying, “How could anyone believe something like that?” a light comes on for me to see my own beliefs. These moments are great gifts. If I can see my beliefs and assumptions, I can decide whether I still value them.
I hope you’ll begin a conversation, listening for what’s new. Listen as best
you can for what’s different, for what surprises you. See if this practice
helps you learn something new. Notice whether you develop a better
relationship with the person you’re talking with. If you try this with several
people, you might find yourself laughing in delight as you realize how many unique ways there are to be human.
We have the opportunity many times a day, everyday, to be the one who
listens to others, curious rather than certain. But the greatest benefit of all is that listening moves us closer. When we listen with less judgment, we
always develop better relationships with each other. It’s not differences that divide us. It’s our judgments about each other that do curiosity and good listening bring us back together.
Sometimes we hesitate to listen for differences because we don’t want to
change. We’re comfortable with our lives, and if we listened to anyone who
raised questions, we’d have to get engaged in changing things. If we don’t
listen, things can stay as they are and we won’t have to expend any energy.
But most of us do see things in our life or in the world that we would like to
be different. If that’s true, we have to listen more, not less. And we have to
be willing to move into the very uncomfortable place of uncertainty.
We can’t be creative if we refuse to be confused. Change always starts with confusion; cherished interpretations must dissolve to make way for the new.
Of course it’s scary to give up what we know, but the abyss is where
newness lives. Great ideas and inventions miraculously appear in the space of not knowing. If we can move through the fear and enter the abyss, we are rewarded greatly. We rediscover we’re creative.
As the world grows more strange and puzzling and difficult, I don’t believe
most of us want to keep struggling through it alone, I can’t know what to do
from my own narrow perspective. I know I need a better understanding of
what’s going on. I want to sit down with you and talk about all the
frightening and hopeful things I observe, and listen to what frightens you
and gives you hope. I need new ideas and solutions for the problems I care about. I know I need to talk to you to discover those.
I need to learn to value your perspective, and I want you to value mine.
I expect to be disturbed by what I hear from you. I know we don’t have to agree with each other in order to think well together. There is no need for us to be joined at the head. We are joined by our human hearts.